Recital time has arrived which always makes me reflect on the difficulties of preparing a student to play in public. There are various phases of mastering and preparing a piece for performance:
- Learning the notes.
- Deciding on the fingerings.
- Solving the technical problems.
- Learning the bowings.
- Learning the dynamics.
- Deciding what the phrases are.
- Paying attention to thousands of little tiny details not included in this list.
- Deciding on the interpretation.
- Putting it all to memory.
That’s it, right? Nope. There is one final ingredient students have to add:
That’s right faith. I don’t mean this in a religious sense (although that doesn’t hurt), but faith in themselves and, more importantly, faith in their hands. They have to trust their hands that they have prepared so well. I often tell my students that the body is a donkey – if you prepare it well with good habits, then the donkey will always do the same thing the same way. But you have to trust the donkey – that it will go through the motions and take you where you want to go. So if you have prepared your body and your mind well, then relax and enjoy yourself and let your spirit and the music speak!
The problem is that when students start to have stage fright, thinking that they aren’t capable of performing their recital piece well, they are forgetting that their hands know an awful lot and that the body has a really good memory. We think “ourselves” is only what’s in our mind and emotions. The study of the violin should teach us all that we are composed of three elements that must all work together to make beautiful music: the mind (to learn and to practice) , the soul (for expression) and the body (to actually play the darned thing).
The idea is to take the student’s focus away from “himself,” i.e., what he thinks is himself – that capricious monkey we all have in our heads which can play tricks on us – and put it on something he really can trust: his body memory. If the student has done the same thing the same way 1000 times, then it is probable he will do it the 1001st time the same way as long as he keeps his mind on the music – hearing what he wants to do in his head. Why does he have to keep his mind on the music if his body will do the job for him? Because if a student does not keep his mental attention firmly on the task at hand, a wandering or hyper-critical mind can disrupt the whole process by talking louder than a student’s body memory. It’s synergy – mind, body and soul must work together to make something greater than the sum of its parts.
So faith and trust. Two little words we teachers don’t use enough. Yes, it is part of our job to teach students how to have faith in themselves. And how do you get your student to the point of being able to have faith in his whole self and trust in his preparation besides teaching him to practice? Explanation, explanation and more explanation. What do we explain apart from the obvious technical stuff? That we human beings are complicated and we tend to divide ourselves up (mind, body, soul). One of the few moments that a person is a wholly integrated human being, that is, using all his elements at the same time to the highest level, is when he or she is playing music – especially an instrument as complicated and difficult as the violin.
I often ask my students why they like to play the violin (I differentiate practicing from playing in this question for reasons you can well imagine). They often say don’t know, meaning they can’t put it into words. So then I give them my explanation (having had a lifetime to think about it) about being a whole human being in the moment they are playing. They love it. It makes them feel important, makes them aware that what they are doing is important and that playing the violin must be taken seriously even if they can only practice very little. I also emphasize that music is not only good for the person playing (mental, physical, and spiritual development) but for whoever listens to it, too, which is why we have to be careful how we play and even how we practice. Who knows where those sound waves wind up? Continue reading